This volume is a refreshed and updated edition of John Cottingham´s acclaimed 1996 translation, including an updated introduction, a substantially revised bibliography and specially selected extracts from the Objections and Replies. It will be a vital resource for students reading the Meditations, as well as those studying Descartes and early modern philosophy.
Marsilio Ficino (1433 1499) was the leading Platonic philosopher of the Renaissance and is generally recognized as the greatest authority on ancient Platonism before modern times. The I Tatti edition of his commentary on Plotinus, in 6 volumes, contains the first modern edition of the Latin text and the first translation into any modern language.
Niccolò Machiavelli´s brutally uncompromising manual of statecraft, The Prince is translated and edited with an introduction by Tim Parks in Penguin Classics. As a diplomat in turbulent fifteenth-century Florence, Niccolò Machiavelli knew how quickly political fortunes could rise and fall. The Prince, his tough-minded, pragmatic handbook on how power really works, made his name notorious and has remained controversial ever since. How can a leader be strong and decisive, yet still inspire loyalty in his followers? When is it necessary to break the rules? Is it better to be feared than loved? Examining regimes and their rulers the world over and throughout history, from Roman Emperors to renaissance Popes, from Hannibal to Cesare di Borgia, Machievalli answers all these questions in a work of realpolitik that still has shrewd political lessons for today. Tim Parks´s acclaimed contemporary translation renders Machiavelli´s no-nonsense original as alarming and enlightening as when it was first written. His introduction discusses Machiavelli´s life and reputation, and explores the historical background to the work. Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) was born in Florence, and served the Florentine republic as a secretary and second chancellor, as ambassador and foreign policy-maker. When the Medici family returned to power in 1512 he was suspected of conspiracy, imprisoned and tortured and forced to retire from public life. His most famous work, The Prince, was written in an attempt to gain favour with the Medicis and return to politics. If you enjoyed The Prince, you might like Plato´s Republic, also available in Penguin Classics. ´A gripping work, and a gripping translation´ Nicholas Lezard, Guardian ´Tim Parks´s swift and supple new translation brings out all its chilling modernity´ Boyd Tonkin, Independent
These two complementary works give the reader a unique insight into the breadth and substance of Kierkegaard´s thought. One reads like a novel and the other a Platonic dialogue but both concern the nature of love, faith, and happiness. These are the first translations to convey the literary quality and philosophical precision of the originals.
This authoritative edition was first published in the acclaimed Oxford Authors series under the general editorship of Frank Kermode. It includes The Advancement of Learning, the Essays, and New Atlantis as well as other texts, in modernized spelling and with generous annotation.
Matthias Knutzen (1646 - after 1674) is the first atheist known by name in the history of European philosophy. This volume contains a new edition of his works written at the beginning of the 1670s (with a contemporary German and French translation) as well as a comprehensive documentation of his works compiled by his adversary Musaeus.
Thomas Hobbes´ Leviathan is arguably the greatest piece of political philosophy written in the English language. Written in a time of great political turmoil (Hobbes´ life spanned the reign of Charles I, the Civil Wars, the Commonwealth and the Protectorate, and the Restoration), Leviathan is an argument for obedience to authority grounded in an analysis of human nature. Since its first publication in 1991 Richard Tuck´s edition of Leviathan has been recognised as the single most accurate and authoritative text, and for this revised edition Professor Tuck has provided a much amplified and expanded introduction, which will provide students unfamiliar with Hobbes with a cogent and accessible introduction to this most challenging of texts. Other vital aids to study include an extensive guide to further reading, a note on textual matters, a chronology of important events and brief biographies of important persons mentioned in Hobbes´ text. Hobbes´ Leviathan is arguably one of the greatest works of political philosophy. Since its first publication Richard Tuck´s edition of Leviathan has been recognized as the single most accurate and authoritative text, and for this revised edition Professor Tuck has provided a much amplified introduction.
Johann Nikolaus Tetens?s Philosophical inquiries into Human Nature and its Development (1777) is one of the most important philosophical works of the late Enlightenment. In 14 essays, Tetens attempts to resolve the fundamental problems of Enlightenment philosophy. This is the first complete and annotated edition of this major work of late Enlightenment empiricism since its initial publication. Das Werk von 1777 zählt zu den bedeutendsten Veröffentlichungen der Philosophie der Spätaufklärung. In insgesamt 14 umfangreichen Essays versucht Tetens die Grundprobleme der Aufklärungsphilosophie zu lösen. Der Band bietet die erste vollständige und kommentierte Ausgabe dieses opus magnum der empiristischen Spätaufklärung seit der Erstpublikation.
The end of human history is an event that has been foreseen or announced by both messianics and dialecticians. But who is the protagonist of that history that is coming?or has come?to a close? What is man? How did he come on the scene? And how has he maintained his privileged place as the master of, or first among, the animals?In The Open, contemporary Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben considers the ways in which the ?human? has been thought of as either a distinct and superior type of animal, or a kind of being that is essentially different from animal altogether. In an argument that ranges from ancient Greek, Christian, and Jewish texts to twentieth-century thinkers such as Heidegger, Benjamin, and Kojève, Agamben examines the ways in which the distinction between man and animal has been manufactured by the logical presuppositions of Western thought, and he investigates the profound implications that the man/animal distinction has had for disciplines as seemingly disparate as philosophy, law, anthropology, medicine, and politics.