Niccolò Machiavelli´s brutally uncompromising manual of statecraft, The Prince is translated and edited with an introduction by Tim Parks in Penguin Classics. As a diplomat in turbulent fifteenth-century Florence, Niccolò Machiavelli knew how quickly political fortunes could rise and fall. The Prince, his tough-minded, pragmatic handbook on how power really works, made his name notorious and has remained controversial ever since. How can a leader be strong and decisive, yet still inspire loyalty in his followers? When is it necessary to break the rules? Is it better to be feared than loved? Examining regimes and their rulers the world over and throughout history, from Roman Emperors to renaissance Popes, from Hannibal to Cesare di Borgia, Machievalli answers all these questions in a work of realpolitik that still has shrewd political lessons for today. Tim Parks´s acclaimed contemporary translation renders Machiavelli´s no-nonsense original as alarming and enlightening as when it was first written. His introduction discusses Machiavelli´s life and reputation, and explores the historical background to the work. Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) was born in Florence, and served the Florentine republic as a secretary and second chancellor, as ambassador and foreign policy-maker. When the Medici family returned to power in 1512 he was suspected of conspiracy, imprisoned and tortured and forced to retire from public life. His most famous work, The Prince, was written in an attempt to gain favour with the Medicis and return to politics. If you enjoyed The Prince , you might like Plato´s Republic , also available in Penguin Classics. ´A gripping work, and a gripping translation´ Nicholas Lezard, Guardian ´Tim Parks´s swift and supple new translation brings out all its chilling modernity´ Boyd Tonkin, Independent
Matthias Knutzen (1646 - after 1674) is the first atheist known by name in the history of European philosophy. This volume contains a new edition of his works written at the beginning of the 1670s (with a contemporary German and French translation) as well as a comprehensive documentation of his works compiled by his adversary Musaeus.
Thomas Hobbes´ Leviathan is arguably the greatest piece of political philosophy written in the English language. Written in a time of great political turmoil (Hobbes´ life spanned the reign of Charles I, the Civil Wars, the Commonwealth and the Protectorate, and the Restoration), Leviathan is an argument for obedience to authority grounded in an analysis of human nature. Since its first publication in 1991 Richard Tuck´s edition of Leviathan has been recognised as the single most accurate and authoritative text, and for this revised edition Professor Tuck has provided a much amplified and expanded introduction, which will provide students unfamiliar with Hobbes with a cogent and accessible introduction to this most challenging of texts. Other vital aids to study include an extensive guide to further reading, a note on textual matters, a chronology of important events and brief biographies of important persons mentioned in Hobbes´ text. Hobbes´ Leviathan is arguably one of the greatest works of political philosophy. Since its first publication Richard Tuck´s edition of Leviathan has been recognized as the single most accurate and authoritative text, and for this revised edition Professor Tuck has provided a much amplified introduction.
The first volume of the ´Studies´ series deals with the central concepts of ´´Lex´´ and ´´Ius´´ and their systematic development within the political theory, philosophy, and law of the Middle Ages up to the School of Salamanca. This reconstruction of the specific form of a practical-juridical and politicalnormative body of knowledge in the Middle Ages focuses on the debates concerning the relationship between positive law, natural law and rational law, which shaped the European tradition of law, as well as the development of international normative regime. Among the contributors to this polylingual volume (with texts in German, English and Italian) are: Francisco Bertelloni, Luis Alberto De Boni, Norbert Brieskorn, Orazio Condorelli, Juan Cruz Cruz, John Doyle, Matthias Kaufmann, Jürgen Miethke, Kenneth Pennington, and Merio Scattola.
`Usa First´ Renaissance President:2020 Win for Trump and National Populists Party Alan V. Gordon
First Renaissance in Muslim Arab Spanish Cordoba / Khurtuba: Mumtaz Mazumdar
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