Mit Lockes berühmtem Essay beginnt die eigentliche Philosophie der Aufklärung: Das von ihm geforderte Prinzip der Gewaltenteilung zwischen gesetzgebender und gesetzausführender Instanz wurde später durch die Forderung Monetesquieus nach einer unabhängigen Justiz ergänzt. Seine Vertragstheorie und seine Kritik am Absolutismus wurden von Rousseau, Kant und den Vätern der amerikanischen Verfassung übernommen. Die These, dass der Bürger gegenüber dem Staat unverlierbare Grundrechte hat, machte das Buch zu einer der philosophischen Gründungsurkunden des Liberalismus.
This volume brings together a group of prominent contributors to consider the topics of government and warfare in Tuscany and Venice in the Renaissance. The essays cover a remarkably broad geographical and topical range as they analyse the economic, military, political, and diplomatic history of Florence, Rome, Venice, and the Italian peninsula in general through the Renaissance and early modern period.
The effects of the Italian Renaissance are still with us today, from the incomparable paintings of Leonardo da Vinci to the immortal writings of Petrarch and Machiavelli. But why was there such an artistic, cultural, and intellectual explosion in Italy at the start of the 14th century? Why did it occur in Italy? And why in certain Italian city-states such as Florence? Professor Bartlett probes these questions and more in 36 dynamic lectures. This is your opportunity to appreciate the results of the Italian Renaissance and gain an understanding of the underlying social, political, and economic forces that made such exceptional art and culture possible. At the heart of Renaissance Italy were the city-states, home to the money, intellect, and talent needed for the growth of Renaissance culture. You´ll look at the Republic of Florence, as well as other city-states that, thanks to geographical and historical circumstances, had much different political and social structures. This course contains a wealth of details that will give you a feel and appreciation for the Italian Renaissance - its contributions to history, the ways it was similar and dissimilar to our times, and how the people of the time, both famous and ordinary, experienced it. You´ll come away surprised by how much of our modern life was made possible by the Renaissance. Our concept of participatory government, our belief in the value of competition, our philosophy of the content and purpose of education, even our notions of love all have roots in the Renaissance period. Its loftiest ideals - the importance of the individual, the value of human dignity and potential, and the promotion of freedom - are ones we embrace as our own. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kenneth R. Bartlett. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tcco/000168/bk_tcco_000168_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Here is a stunning and provocative guide to the future of international relations—a system for managing global problems beyond the stalemates of business versus government, East versus West, rich versus poor, democracy versus authoritarianism, free markets versus state capitalism. Written by the most esteemed and innovative adventurer-scholar of his generation, Parag Khanna’s How to Run the World posits a chaotic modern era that resembles the Middle Ages, with Asian empires, Western militaries, Middle Eastern sheikhdoms, magnetic city-states, wealthy multinational corporations, elite clans, religious zealots, tribal hordes, and potent media seething in an ever more unpredictable and dangerous storm. But just as that initial ´´dark age” ended with the Renaissance, Khanna believes that our time can become a great and enlightened age as well—only, though, if we harness our technology and connectedness to forge new networks among governments, businesses, and civic interest groups to tackle the crises of today and avert those of tomorrow. With his trademark energy, intellect, and wit, Khanna reveals how a new ´´mega-diplomacy” consisting of coalitions among motivated technocrats, influential executives, super-philanthropists, cause-mopolitan activists, and everyday churchgoers can assemble the talent, pool the money, and deploy the resources to make the global economy fairer, rebuild failed states, combat terrorism, promote good governance, deliver food, water, health care, and education to those in need, and prevent environmental collapse. With examples taken from the smartest capital cities, most progressive boardrooms, and frontline NGOs, Khanna shows how mega-diplomacy is more than an ad hoc approach to running a world where no one is in charge—it is the playbook for creating a stable and self-correcting world for future generations. How to Run the World is the cutting-edge manifesto for diplomacy in a borderless world.... 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jim Meskimen. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/rand/002514/bk_rand_002514_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Alchemy of the Timeless Renaissance is a counter-culture textbook which features insight into philosophy, culture, finance, spirituality, politics, drugs, and the many important issues of our time. This audiobook features some of the earliest original writings of author John G. Vibes, and combines deep historical research with comments from some of your favorite artists and musicians. John G. Vibes is an activist and artist who has been studying occult history, theology, and government for most of his life. Since 2007, he has been hosting live music events and working as a journalist in the alternative media. In recent years, he has become one of the organizers for the Free Your Mind Conference and has hosted a number of live seminars. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Douglas Thornton. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/109535/bk_acx0_109535_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
For Henry David Thoreau, there was no separation between public politics and personal principle. ´´On the Duty of Civil Disobedience´´ is his famous account of the night he spent in jail for refusing to pay taxes to a government that supported slavery and waged war. His impassioned stand for justice later inspired Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and many other peaceful revolutionaries. This volume includes Thoreau´s other important political writings: ´´A Plea for Captain John Brown´´, ´´Life Without Principle´´, and the poem ´´Independence´´. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Sam Torode. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/120828/bk_acx0_120828_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The four main themes of this course are answers to the question, ´´What makes Europe distinctive compared with other parts of the world?´´1. The Nation State. The idea of the State or sovereign authority takes on a new significance when it is attached to a nation or a people who have an idea of a common origin and identity. This idea was developed first and most powerfully in Europe.2. Citizenship. When a nation is made up of citizens, they feel a greater commitment to the community.3. The scientific method enables one to ask questions about the universe and the nature of human beings, and to obtain answers that work well in practice.4. Developed Broadly Based Public Finance. The idea that government can mobilize the wealth of a whole people. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Geoffrey Hosking. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/reco/002167/bk_reco_002167_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Safety. Security. For Christopher Stone and those closest to him, these concepts evaporate in a matter of moments as the world is ravaged by a wave of violent transformation which leaves everyone facing an enemy no one ever prepared for. It starts out small, so subtly that anyone who could possibly do anything to counter it fails to take notice until well past the tipping point. The outbreak of savage behavior eventually spills over, leaving governments in shambles, infrastructure disrupted, and hundreds of millions seemingly dead. It would be only a matter of time for the survivors to band together and recover. If only the dead had the decency to stay that way. Now, Stone and his family find themselves on different ends of the country, caught up in the aftermath of the event. As Stone races in hopes of making an escape to the rumored safe havens in the north, he stumbles across not only a possible explanation for the outbreak, but those who would see it continue for their own twisted benefit. Yet all is not well for those left waiting either, as they find themselves ensnared in a bitter fight for survival against those who are more than willing to ensure their own existence by any means necessary, even if that means a few more dead. Pushed to the brink, in a new world where everyone finds themselves hunted, fighting for survival against one threat or another for days on end, the survivors just want to find a place that can truly be safe again. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Ian McEuen. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/058301/bk_acx0_058301_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Our baffling new multipolar world grows ever more complex, desperately calling for new ways of thinking, particularly when it comes to political risk. To Dare More Boldly provides those ways, telling the story of the rise of political risk analysis, both as a discipline and a lucrative high-stakes industry that guides the strategic decisions of corporations and governments around the world. It assesses why recent predictions have gone so wrong and boldly puts forward 10 analytical commandments that can stand the test of time. Written by one of the field´s leading practitioners, this incisive book derives these indelible rules of the game from a wide-ranging and entertaining survey of world history. John Hulsman looks at examples as seemingly unconnected as the ancient Greeks and Romans, the Third Crusade, the Italian Renaissance, America´s founders, Napoleon, the Battle of Gettysburg, the British Empire, the Kaiser´s Germany, the breakup of the Beatles, Charles Manson, and Deng Xiaoping´s China. Hulsman makes sense of yesterday´s world, and in doing so provides an invaluable conceptual tool kit for navigating today´s. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Matthew Waterson. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/high/002038/bk_high_002038_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
In an attempt to appeal to the Medici family during the Italian Renaissance, Machiavelli outlines the way to acquire and retain political power, and how great men should behave in a princely government. The book is divided into four parts - types of principalities and state, proper conduct of a prince as military leader, personal conduct of a prince, and the disparity of Italy´s political situation. Many listeners will be able to see principals that Machiavelli advocates for are still used in many political systems today. 1. Language: English. Narrator: David McCallion. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/062940/bk_acx0_062940_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.