Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) was the leading Platonic philosopher of the Renaissance and is generally recognized as the greatest authority on ancient Platonism before modern times. The I Tatti edition of his commentary on Plotinus, in 6 volumes, contains the first modern edition of the Latin text and the first translation into any modern language.
Baruch de Spinoza?s Tractatus Theologico-Politicus sought to apply theology and politics to further peaceful coexistence between peoples. Although the book has enjoyed an international renaissance of interest in recent years, there has been no comprehensive commentary available until now for German?speaking readers. In this volume, leading scholars fill this gap. Baruch de Spinoza tritt dem philosophisch interessierten Zeitgenossen in erster Linie als der Verfasser der Ethik entgegen, jenes Denksystems, das in strikt geometrischer Ableitung über Sein und Erkennen, Körper und Geist, nicht zuletzt über das gelungene Leben handelt. Mindestens ebenso bedeutend ist aber sein ´´Tractatus theologico-politicus´´, 1670 anonym veröffentlicht.Spinoza bestimmt hierTheologie und Politik so, daß sie dem friedlichen Zusammenleben der Menschen förderlich sind. Dabei greift er immer wieder auf das philosophische System der Ethik zurück, um religiöse und politische Begrifflichkeiten umzudeuten. Darüber hinaus formuliert er eines der frühesten Beispiele kritischer Bibelexegese. All dies steht nicht zuletzt im Dienste einer der grundlegendsten Verteidigungen des Rechts auf Denk- und Meinungsfreiheit. Während der ´´Tractatus theologico-politicus´´ in den letzten Jahren international eine wahre Renaissance erlebt hat, fehlte es im deutschsprachigen Raum bislang noch an einem umfassenden Kommentar. Führende Forscher beheben im vorliegenden Band diesen Mangel. MIT BEITRÄGEN VON: Alex Anderson, Dirk Brantl, Edwin Curley, Michael Hampe, Otfried Höffe, Yitzhak Melamed, Robert Schnepf, Piet Steenbakkers, Pina Totaro, Theo Verbeek, Manfred Walther und Jan-Hendrik Wulf.
Matthias Knutzen (1646 - after 1674) is the first atheist known by name in the history of European philosophy. This volume contains a new edition of his works written at the beginning of the 1670s (with a contemporary German and French translation) as well as a comprehensive documentation of his works compiled by his adversary Musaeus.
The first volume of the ´Studies´ series deals with the central concepts of ´´Lex´´ and ´´Ius´´ and their systematic development within the political theory, philosophy, and law of the Middle Ages up to the School of Salamanca. This reconstruction of the specific form of a practical-juridical and politicalnormative body of knowledge in the Middle Ages focuses on the debates concerning the relationship between positive law, natural law and rational law, which shaped the European tradition of law, as well as the development of international normative regime. Among the contributors to this polylingual volume (with texts in German, English and Italian) are: Francisco Bertelloni, Luis Alberto De Boni, Norbert Brieskorn, Orazio Condorelli, Juan Cruz Cruz, John Doyle, Matthias Kaufmann, Jürgen Miethke, Kenneth Pennington, and Merio Scattola.
´´Only a small fraction of Herder´s writings has been translated into English, and such translations are often archaic and/or unreliable. I know of no previous translation of the ´´Critical Forests,´´ for example, although the first and fourth parts, which appear in the present volume, are of major interest to students of aesthetics. With ´´Selected Writings on Aesthetics,´´ these and other texts by Herder are now accessible to readers of English, through the pen of a translator who exhibits clarity and elegance of style.´´--Hugh Barr Nisbet, University of Cambridge ´´This much-needed book brings into English a philosopher severely underrepresented in this language, yet of paramount importance to any adequate understanding of the late eighteenth century in Germany and indeed of the rest of Europe.´´--Robert E. Norton, University of Notre Dame ´´This collection provides translations of the most important aesthetic writings of Herder, a crucial, original thinker in the field of aesthetics, an important influence on later German philosophy, and a writer whose significance has also been acknowledged by such recent thinkers as Isaiah Berlin and Charles Taylor. Even advanced scholars sometimes find a translation useful for such a difficult writer, and some of the writings translated here, such as ´´Critical Forests,´´ are not very easily found even in German.´´--Michael Inwood, Trinity College, Oxford ´´This is a timely translation because Herder´s importance is more apparent than ever and his work is undergoing a significant revaluation.´´--Cyrus Hamlin, Yale University