Im Jahre 1436 legte Nikolaus von Kues (1401-1464) dem Basler Konzil eine Schrift mit dem Titel De reparatione kalendarii vor. Diese Abhandlung befasst sich mit dem für die christliche Festrechnung in Unordnung geratenen julianischen Kalender und schlägt eine Verbesserung vor, die für ´´die kommenden 1000 Jahre´´ das richtige Osterdatum anzeigen soll. Aufgrund der Spaltung des Konzils kam es damals in der Kalenderfrage zu keiner Entscheidung. Erst unter Papst Gregor XIII. wurde im Jahre 1582 eine Kalenderreform durchgeführt. Die vorliegende Arbeit führt in das astronomisch-komputistische Denken des Cusanus ein und weist daneben auf einige philosophie- und wissenschaftshistorische Aspekte der cusanischen Kalenderschrift hin. Zudem wird Cusanus im Kontext seiner Vorgänger und Nachfolger in der Kalenderfrage beleuchtet. Im Anhang werden neben dem lateinischen Text der Reparatio auch diejenigen der Kalenderbulle Gregors XIII. (1582) und des Vorwortes der Kalendererklärung des Christoph Clavius (1603) bereitgestellt.
Race and Rhetoric in the Renaissance:Barbarian Errors Early Modern Cultural Studies. Auflage 2009 I. Smith
Race and Rhetoric in the Renaissance:Barbarian Errors Early Modern Cultural Studies Early Modern Cultural Studies 1500-1700. Auflage 2009 I. Smith
Rome - as a city, as an empire, as an enduring idea - is in many ways the origin of everything Robert Hughes has spent his life writing about with such dazzling irreverence and exacting rigour. In this magisterial book he traces the city´s history from its mythic foundation with Romulus and Remus to Fascism, Fellini and beyond. For almost a thousand years, Rome held sway as the spiritual and artistic centre of the world. Hughes vividly recreates the ancient Rome of Julius Caesar, Marcus Aurelius, Nero, Caligula, Cicero, Martial and Virgil. With the artistic blossoming of the Renaissance, he casts his unwavering critical eye over the great works of Raphael, Michelangelo and Brunelleschi, shedding new light on the Old Masters. In the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when Rome´s cultural predominance was assured, artists and tourists from all over Europe converged on the city. Hughes brilliantly analyses the defining works of Caravaggio, Velasquez, Rubens and Bernini. Hughes´ Rome is a vibrant, contradictory, spectacular and secretive place; a monument both to human glory and human error. 1. Language: English. Narrator: David Timson. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/orio/000468/bk_orio_000468_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
PHP is experiencing a renaissance, though it may be difficult to tell with all of the outdated PHP tutorials online. With this practical guide, you?ll learn how PHP has become a full-featured, mature language with object-orientation, namespaces, and a growing collection of reusable component libraries. Author Josh Lockhart?creator of PHP The Right Way, a popular initiative to encourage PHP best practices?reveals these new language features in action. You?ll learn best practices for application architecture and planning, databases, security, testing, debugging, and deployment. If you have a basic understanding of PHP and want to bolster your skills, this is your book. * Learn modern PHP features, such as namespaces, traits, generators, and closures * Discover how to find, use, and create PHP components * Follow best practices for application security, working with databases, errors and exceptions, and more * Learn tools and techniques for deploying, tuning, testing, and profiling your PHP applications * Explore Facebook?s HVVM and Hack language implementations?and how they affect modern PHP * Build a local development environment that closely matches your production server
In 1989 Kai Wiedenhöfer photographed the fall of the Berlin Wall in his hometown, and was deeply moved by this experience of history unfolding. At the time, Wiedenhöfer, like many, believed this event would mark the end of walls being employed as political tools and dismissed them as anachronistic instruments of division. Over twenty years later, history has proved us wrong; indeed walls have enjoyed a barbaric renaissance. Border barriers have been erected in the US, Europe, and the Middle East in the aftermath of political, economic, religious and ethnic conflicts. Wiedenhöfer has documented walls in Belfast, Ceuta and Melilla, Baghdad, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the American- Mexican border, Cyprus, Korea as well as the remains of the Iron Curtain. Confrontiers presents Wiedenhöfer s comprehensive project and evidences his conviction that walls are not solutions to today s political and economic problems, but proof of human weakness, error and our inability to communicate with one another. Kai Wiedenhöfer, born in Schwenningen, Germany in 1966, received a Masters in photography and editorial design from the Folkwang School in Essen and studied Arabic in Damascus, Syria. Since 1989 the focus of his work has been the Middle East. Wiedenhöfer has received numerous awards including the Leica Medal of Excellence, the Alexia Foundation For World Peace Grant, World Press Photo Awards, the Eugene Smith Grant in Humanistic Photography and the Carmignac Gestion Photojournalism Award. Steidl has published Wiedenhöfer s Perfect Peace (2002), Wall (2007) and The Book of Destruction (2010) whose photos comprised a solo exhibition at the Musée d Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.