This volume is a refreshed and updated edition of John Cottingham´s acclaimed 1996 translation, including an updated introduction, a substantially revised bibliography and specially selected extracts from the Objections and Replies. It will be a vital resource for students reading the Meditations, as well as those studying Descartes and early modern philosophy.
This authoritative edition was first published in the acclaimed Oxford Authors series under the general editorship of Frank Kermode. It includes The Advancement of Learning, the Essays, and New Atlantis as well as other texts, in modernized spelling and with generous annotation.
Hobbes´ Leviathan is arguably one of the greatest works of political philosophy. Since its first publication Richard Tuck´s edition of Leviathan has been recognized as the single most accurate and authoritative text, and for this revised edition Professor Tuck has provided a much amplified introduction.
At the end of an industrious political career in conflict-riven Italy, the Florentine diplomat Niccolò Machiavelli composed his masterpiece The Prince, a classic study of power and politics, and a manual of ruthlessness for any ambitious ruler.Controversial in his own time, The Prince made Machiavellis name a byword for manipulative scheming, and had an impact on such major figures as Napoleon and Frederick the Great. It contains principles as true today as when they were first written almost five centuries ago.
The first volume of the ´Studies´ series deals with the central concepts of ´´Lex´´ and ´´Ius´´ and their systematic development within the political theory, philosophy, and law of the Middle Ages up to the School of Salamanca. This reconstruction of the specific form of a practical-juridical and politicalnormative body of knowledge in the Middle Ages focuses on the debates concerning the relationship between positive law, natural law and rational law, which shaped the European tradition of law, as well as the development of international normative regime.
Johann Nikolaus Tetens?s Philosophical inquiries into Human Nature and its Development (1777) is one of the most important philosophical works of the late Enlightenment. In 14 essays, Tetens attempts to resolve the fundamental problems of Enlightenment philosophy. This is the first complete and annotated edition of this major work of late Enlightenment empiricism since its initial publication. Das Werk von 1777 zählt zu den bedeutendsten Veröffentlichungen der Philosophie der Spätaufklärung. In insgesamt 14 umfangreichen Essays versucht Tetens die Grundprobleme der Aufklärungsphilosophie zu lösen. Der Band bietet die erste vollständige und kommentierte Ausgabe dieses opus magnum der empiristischen Spätaufklärung seit der Erstpublikation.
This volume includes a step-by-step textual commentary on Jean-Jacques Rousseau?s first and second critical discourses on civilization. Rousseau?s thesis is that man has become progressively alienated from his own nature and thus perverted by technological and scientific progress. The example of Rousseau shows that critical reflection on modern civilization had already begun during the Enlightenment. Schlagartig berühmt geworden ist Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) mit seinem Diskurs über die Wissenschaften und Künste (1750), in dem er das Grundübel der modernen Zivilisation damit begründet, dass sich der Mensch immer mehr von der Natur entfernt. Zwar propagiert er kein ´´Zurück zur Natur´´, wie ihm häufig nachgesagt wird, wohl aber einen Zustand auf mittlerem zivilisatorischem Niveau. Dabei geht es ihm nicht nur um das Verhältnis des Menschen zu seiner natürlichen Umwelt, sondern vor allem auch um die Entfremdung von der eigenen Natur. Im zweiten Diskurs über den Ursprung und die Grundlagen der Ungleichheit unter den Menschen (1755) versucht Rousseau, seine Behauptung mit Hilfe einer geschichtsphilosophischen Darstellung zu vertiefen. Hier macht er nicht nur die wissenschaftlich-technischen Fortschritte für den Sittenverfall verantwortlich. Die tiefere Ursache dafür sieht er vielmehr in der Entstehung des Privateigentums und der daraus resultierenden Pervertierung des Menschen. Im Gegensatz zur vorherrschenden Geschichtsphilosophie seiner Zeit deutet Rousseau den Fortschritt in einen Verfallsprozess um. Das Beispiel dieses Autors zeigt, dass bereits während der Epoche der Aufklärung die kritische Reflexion über die Moderne beginnt. Der Band erschließt Rousseaus Diskurse zur Zivilisationskritik auf aktuellem Forschungsstand für Studierende, Forscher und ein breites akademisches Publikum.
This new series presents original scholarly and essayistic work addressing the central status of literature in and for the human sciences. At stake in the monographs and essay collections are paradigms of literary forms for thinking the human sciences: the knowledge involved in a literary work; how modes of reading and writing shape and depend on an epoch or area of thinking; literature´s affinities and points of resistance to what we call the humanities and the sciences. In other words, the series examines how literature works with and upon philosophy, rhetoric, technology, anthropology, sociology, statistics, economics, history, experimental science, mathematics etc. Paradigms is primarily concerned with German letters, but also includes its European and comparative literary contexts. All volumes will be published in English and are first reviewed by the series editors followed by a peer review from two academics in the particular area of specialization. Two to four volumes areplanned annually. Editors Rüdiger Campe (Yale University) Paul Fleming (Cornell University, Ithaca NY) Editorial Board Eva Geulen (Zentrum für Literatur- und Kulturforschung, Berlin) Rüdiger Görner (Queen Mary, University of London) Barbara Hahn (Vanderbilt University) Daniel Heller-Roazen (Princeton University) Helmut Müller-Sievers (University of Colorado at Boulder) William Rasch (Indiana University, Bloomington) Joseph Vogl (Humboldt University, Berlin) Elisabeth Weber (University of California, Santa Barbara) Submission Format The series accepts monographs and edited volumes, if they systematically approach a specific topic and show a high level of coherence and focus. Please submit an abstract and table of contents with narrative description of each chapter (4-5 pages total, single-spaced) as well as a CV along with the complete manuscript. Only complete manuscripts can be evaluated. In exceptional cases, abstracts or outlines can be submitted to discuss the general fit of a book with the series´ editors. Please understand that a final commitment for publication can only be reached on the basis of a complete manuscript. Manuscripts should have a minimum length of circa 200 pages (approximately 500,000 characters including spaces). Please submit your abstract, table of contents, and CV as one file; the complete manuscript as a second file to Dr. Manuela Gerlof: firstname.lastname@example.org .
In 1494, there were five sovereign regional powers in Italy: Milan, Venice, Florence, the Papal States, and Naples. In 1536, only one remained - Venice. These decades of conflict precipitated great anxiety among Western thinkers. Italians responded to the fragmentation, forevermore, of Latin Christendom, the end of self-governance for Italians, and the beginning of the early modern era in a myriad of ways. They were always heavily influenced by the lived experience of warfare between large Christian armies on the peninsula. Most historians credit the city-state of Florence as the place that started and developed the Italian Renaissance, a process carried out through the patronage and commission of artists during the late 12th century. If Florence is receiving its due credit, much of it belongs to the Medicis, the family dynasty of Florence that ruled at the height of the Renaissance. The dynasty held such influence that some of its family members were even ordained as pope. Among all of the Medicis, its most famous member ruled during the Golden Age of Florence, at the apex of the Renaissance’s artistic achievements. Lorenzo de Medici, commonly referred to as Lorenzo the Magnificent, was groomed both intellectually and politically to rule, and he took the reins of power at the age of 20.Lorenzo de Medici may have not been a king, prince, or duke, but he nevertheless held significant influence over all of the noble houses of the region, from Milan and Naples to the King of France. Between 1482 and 1484, Lorenzo’s influence prevented a close alliance between King Louis IX of France and the city of Venice, which was at war with Ferrara. Lorenzo’s personal influence helped reduce Venice’s power in the region. During the Baron’s War of 1485 and 1486, while Florence sided with the pope, Lorenzo favored Ferdinando of Aragon, who had close ties with Naples, giving Lorenzo the chance to attempt to negotiate an improvement in relations be 1. Language: English. Narrator: Colin Fluxman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/156948/bk_acx0_156948_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.