This is an updated edition of John Cottingham´s acclaimed translation of Descartes´s philosophical masterpiece, including an abridgement of Descartes´s Objections and Replies.
`Usa First´ Renaissance President:2020 Win for Trump and National Populists Party Alan V. Gordon
Leo Strauss argued that the most visible fact about Machiavelli´s doctrine is also the most useful one: Machiavelli seems to be a teacher of wickedness. In his critical appreciation of ´´The Prince´´ and the ´´Discourses on the First Ten Books of Livy´´, Strauss explains his thoughts.
This authoritative edition was first published in the acclaimed Oxford Authors series under the general editorship of Frank Kermode. It includes The Advancement of Learning, the Essays, and New Atlantis as well as other texts, in modernized spelling and with generous annotation.
Thomas Hobbes´ Leviathan is arguably the greatest piece of political philosophy written in the English language. Written in a time of great political turmoil (Hobbes´ life spanned the reign of Charles I, the Civil Wars, the Commonwealth and the Protectorate, and the Restoration), Leviathan is an argument for obedience to authority grounded in an analysis of human nature. Since its first publication in 1991 Richard Tuck´s edition of Leviathan has been recognised as the single most accurate and authoritative text, and for this revised edition Professor Tuck has provided a much amplified and expanded introduction, which will provide students unfamiliar with Hobbes with a cogent and accessible introduction to this most challenging of texts. Other vital aids to study include an extensive guide to further reading, a note on textual matters, a chronology of important events and brief biographies of important persons mentioned in Hobbes´ text. Hobbes´ Leviathan is arguably one of the greatest works of political philosophy. Since its first publication Richard Tuck´s edition of Leviathan has been recognized as the single most accurate and authoritative text, and for this revised edition Professor Tuck has provided a much amplified introduction.
The first volume of the ´Studies´ series deals with the central concepts of ´´Lex´´ and ´´Ius´´ and their systematic development within the political theory, philosophy, and law of the Middle Ages up to the School of Salamanca. This reconstruction of the specific form of a practical-juridical and politicalnormative body of knowledge in the Middle Ages focuses on the debates concerning the relationship between positive law, natural law and rational law, which shaped the European tradition of law, as well as the development of international normative regime.
At the end of an industrious political career in conflict-riven Italy, the Florentine diplomat Niccolò Machiavelli composed his masterpiece The Prince, a classic study of power and politics, and a manual of ruthlessness for any ambitious ruler.Controversial in his own time, The Prince made Machiavellis name a byword for manipulative scheming, and had an impact on such major figures as Napoleon and Frederick the Great. It contains principles as true today as when they were first written almost five centuries ago.
Johann Nikolaus Tetens?s Philosophical inquiries into Human Nature and its Development (1777) is one of the most important philosophical works of the late Enlightenment. In 14 essays, Tetens attempts to resolve the fundamental problems of Enlightenment philosophy. This is the first complete and annotated edition of this major work of late Enlightenment empiricism since its initial publication. Das Werk von 1777 zählt zu den bedeutendsten Veröffentlichungen der Philosophie der Spätaufklärung. In insgesamt 14 umfangreichen Essays versucht Tetens die Grundprobleme der Aufklärungsphilosophie zu lösen. Der Band bietet die erste vollständige und kommentierte Ausgabe dieses opus magnum der empiristischen Spätaufklärung seit der Erstpublikation.
This volume includes a step-by-step textual commentary on Jean-Jacques Rousseau?s first and second critical discourses on civilization. Rousseau?s thesis is that man has become progressively alienated from his own nature and thus perverted by technological and scientific progress. The example of Rousseau shows that critical reflection on modern civilization had already begun during the Enlightenment. Schlagartig berühmt geworden ist Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) mit seinem Diskurs über die Wissenschaften und Künste (1750), in dem er das Grundübel der modernen Zivilisation damit begründet, dass sich der Mensch immer mehr von der Natur entfernt. Zwar propagiert er kein ´´Zurück zur Natur´´, wie ihm häufig nachgesagt wird, wohl aber einen Zustand auf mittlerem zivilisatorischem Niveau. Dabei geht es ihm nicht nur um das Verhältnis des Menschen zu seiner natürlichen Umwelt, sondern vor allem auch um die Entfremdung von der eigenen Natur. Im zweiten Diskurs über den Ursprung und die Grundlagen der Ungleichheit unter den Menschen (1755) versucht Rousseau, seine Behauptung mit Hilfe einer geschichtsphilosophischen Darstellung zu vertiefen. Hier macht er nicht nur die wissenschaftlich-technischen Fortschritte für den Sittenverfall verantwortlich. Die tiefere Ursache dafür sieht er vielmehr in der Entstehung des Privateigentums und der daraus resultierenden Pervertierung des Menschen. Im Gegensatz zur vorherrschenden Geschichtsphilosophie seiner Zeit deutet Rousseau den Fortschritt in einen Verfallsprozess um. Das Beispiel dieses Autors zeigt, dass bereits während der Epoche der Aufklärung die kritische Reflexion über die Moderne beginnt. Der Band erschließt Rousseaus Diskurse zur Zivilisationskritik auf aktuellem Forschungsstand für Studierende, Forscher und ein breites akademisches Publikum.
´´When it appeared in 1670, Baruch Spinoza´s Theological-Political Treatise was denounced as the most dangerous book ever published--´godless,´ ´full of abominations,´ ´a book forged in hell . . . by the devil himself.´ Religious and secular authorities saw it as a threat to faith, social and political harmony, and everyday morality, and its author was almost universally regarded as a religious subversive and political radical who sought to spread atheism throughout Europe. Yet Spinoza´s book has contributed as much as the Declaration of Independence or Thomas Paine´s Common Sense to modern liberal, secular, and democratic thinking. In A Book Forged in Hell, Steven Nadler tells the fascinating story of this extraordinary book: its radical claims and theirbackground in the philosophical, religious, and political tensions of the Dutch Golden Age, as well as the vitriolic reaction these ideas inspired. It is not hard to see why Spinoza´s Treatise was so important or so controversial, or why the uproar it caused is one of the most significant events in European intellectual history. In the book, Spinoza became the first to argue that the Bible is not literally the word of God but rather a work of human literature; that true religion has nothing to do with theology, liturgical ceremonies, or sectarian dogma; and that religious authorities should have no role in governing a modern state. He also denied the reality of miracles and divine providence, reinterpreted the nature of prophecy, and made an eloquent plea for toleration and democracy. A vivid story of incendiary ideas and vicious backlash, A Book Forged in Hell will interest anyone who is curious about the origin of some of our most cherished modern beliefs.´´--Book jacket.