An indispensable primary source in medieval political philosophy is presented here in a fully annotated translation of the celebrated discussion of the Republic by the twelfth-century Andalusian Muslim philosopher.
Plato´s Parmenides in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Vol. 7:A Chapter in the History of Platonic Studies (Classic Reprint) Raymond Klibansky
Plato´s Ghost:Spiritualism in the American Renaissance Cathy Gutierrez
Plato´s Persona:Marsilio Ficino, Renaissance Humanism, and Platonic Traditions Denis J.-J. Robichaud
Shakespeare on Love:The Sonnets and Plays in Relation to Plato´s Symposium, Alchemy, Christianity and Renaissance Neo-Platonism Ronald Gray
Aristotle´s Metaphysics was the first major study of the subject of metaphysics - in other words, an inquiry into ´first philosophy´, or ´wisdom´. It differs from Physics, which is concerned with the natural world: things which are subject to the laws of nature, things that move and change, are measurable. In Metaphysics, the study falls on ´being qua being´ - being insofar as it is being; the causes and principles of being, the causes and principles of substances. Aristotle asks, what is existence? How can things continue to exist yet change, and how can we best understand the world we live in? The work as it has come down to us is a compilation of Aristotle´s writing on the subject made in Alexandria in the first century CE, and it proved enormously influential from the Greeks onward, through the medieval and Renaissance periods. In Metaphysics, Aristotle absorbed Plato´s view that nature is eternal and unchangeable while accepting that we live in a world that appears full of change. A challenging work, Metaphysics is divided into 14 books. It begins with the causes of things and questions the existence of God, the understanding of ´being´ and the concept of ´substance´. It proceeds to consider ´actuality´, ´potentiality´ and ´unity´. This first recording, using the clear translation by W. D. Ross, is presented in a measured and comprehensible manner by James Cameron Stewart. 1. Language: English. Narrator: James Cameron Stewart. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/dhrm/000058/bk_dhrm_000058_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Set in the court of Urbino in 1507, Castiglione’s The Book of the Courtier presents an invaluable look at court life and culture during the Renaissance. Over four nights of dialogue, the book explores the key question, ‘What should a courtier be like?’ and presents a deep and timeless discussion that is reminiscent of Plato’s Symposium and Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and invites comparisons with Machiavelli’s The Prince. It is absorbing and enlightening and encompasses a wide range of topics that include dancing, fencing, war, religion, culture, courtly and corporeal love and gender relations, with a surprisingly modern defense of women and equal rights. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Nicholas Boulton. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/naxo/001918/bk_naxo_001918_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Arthur Herman has now written the definitive sequel to his New York Times bestseller, How the Scots Invented the Modern World, and extends the themes of the book-which sold half a million copies worldwide-back to the ancient Greeks and forward to the age of the Internet. The Cave and the Light is a magisterial account of how the two greatest thinkers of the ancient world, Plato and Aristotle, laid the foundations of Western culture-and how their rivalry shaped the essential features of our culture down to the present day. Plato came from a wealthy, connected Athenian family and lived a comfortable upper-class lifestyle until he met an odd little man named Socrates, who showed him a new world of ideas and ideals. Socrates taught Plato that a man must use reason to attain wisdom, and that the life of a lover of wisdom, a philosopher, was the pinnacle of achievement. Plato dedicated himself to living that ideal and went on to create a school, his famed Academy, to teach others the path to enlightenment through contemplation. However, the same Academy that spread Plato´s teachings also fostered his greatest rival. Born to a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle had learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience. Rather than rely on pure contemplation, he insisted that the truest path to knowledge is through empirical discovery and exploration of the world around us. Aristotle, Plato´s most brilliant pupil, thus settled on a philosophy very different from his instructor´s and launched a rivalry with profound effects on Western culture. The two men disagreed on the fundamental purpose of the philosophy. For Plato, the image of the cave summed up man´s destined path, emerging from the darkness of material existence to the light of a higher and more spiritual truth. Aristotle thought otherwise. Instead of rising above mundane reality, he insisted, the philosopher´s job is to explain how the real world works, and how we can find our place in it. Aristotle set up a school in Athens to rival Plato´s Academy: the Lyceum. The competition that ensued between the two schools, and between Plato and Aristotle, set the world on an intellectual adventure that lasted through the Middle Ages and Renaissance and that still continues today. From Martin Luther (who named Aristotle the third great enemy of true religion, after the devil and the Pope) to Karl Marx (whose utopian views rival Plato´s), heroes and villains of history have been inspired and incensed by these two master philosophers-but never outside their influence. Accessible, riveting, and eloquently written, The Cave and the Light provides a stunning new perspective on the Western world, certain to open eyes and stir debate. Praise for The Cave and the Light ´´A sweeping intellectual history viewed through two ancient Greek lenses . . . breezy and enthusiastic but resting on a sturdy rock of research.´´-Kirkus Reviews ´´Examining mathematics, politics, theology, and architecture, the book demonstrates the continuing relevance of the ancient world.´´-Publishers Weekly ´´A fabulous way to understand over two millennia of history, all in one book.´´-Library Journal ´´Entertaining and often illuminating.´´-The Wall Street Journal
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, whereafter Proxenus of Atarneus became his guardian. At 17 or 18 years of age, he joined Plato´s Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of 37 (c. 347 BC). His writings cover many subjects - including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, and government - and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. Teaching Alexander the Great gave Aristotle many opportunities and an abundance of supplies. He established a library in the Lyceum which aided in the production of many of his hundreds of books. The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but, following Plato´s death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism. He believed all peoples´ concepts and all of their knowledge was ultimately based on perception. Aristotle´s views on natural sciences represent the groundwork underlying many of his works. Aristotle´s views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Fernando Castillo. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/082671/bk_acx0_082671_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
From acclaimed, award-winning author Jo Walton: The Philosopher Kings, a tale of gods and humans and the surprising things they have to learn from one another. Twenty years have elapsed since the events of The Just City. The city, founded by the time-traveling goddess Pallas Athene, organized on the principles espoused in Plato´s Republic, and populated by people from all eras of human history, has now split into five cities, and low-level armed conflict between them is not unheard of. The god Apollo, living (by his own choice) a human life as Pythias in the city, his true identity known to only a few, is now married and the father of several children. But a tragic loss causes him to become consumed with the desire for revenge. Being Apollo, he goes about handling it in a seemingly rational and systematic way, but it´s evident - particularly to his precocious daughter, Arete - that he is unhinged with grief. Along with Arete and several of his sons, plus a boatload of other volunteers - including the now fantastically aged Marsilio Ficino, the great humanist of Renaissance Florence - Pythias/Apollo goes sailing into the mysterious Eastern Mediterranean of pre-antiquity to see what they can find - possibly the man who may have caused his great grief, possibly communities of the earliest people to call themselves Greek. What Apollo, his daughter, and the rest of the expedition will discover...will change everything. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Noah Michael Levine. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/026572/bk_adbl_026572_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.